Wondering whether the slight redness on your nose and cheeks is normal or something to be concerned about? It can be tricky to differentiate, especially since we've been taught that a rosy complexion is desirable. Truth is, our skin tends to turn red when it's provoked. Activities like exercise, sun exposure, warmth, or even stress and embarrassment can trigger this reaction. This type of redness is generally harmless. But if you find that the flushed color lingers, experience occasional ruddy patches or flare-ups accompanied by a rash of spots, it's time to consider rosacea. Keep reading for answers to all your frequently asked questions.

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that primarily affects the central areas of the face, including the forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin. It manifests as a red flush, resembling a light blush or, in severe cases, an angry red tone accompanied by spots. While it is more commonly seen in women, especially middle-aged women, men tend to experience more severe symptoms. This condition is particularly noticeable in individuals with pale skin.

Cosmetic dermatologists classify rosacea as an inflammatory response caused by neurovascular dysfunction, involving the body’s immune system. Research suggests that it is a chronic condition that can be managed over time.

Understanding the nature and impact of rosacea can help individuals seek appropriate treatment and support for managing its symptoms.

Rosacea is a common condition that still remains incompletely understood by scientists. However, ongoing research has provided valuable insights in recent years. The current theory suggests that dysfunction in the nerves surrounding facial blood vessels leads to an imbalance, possibly involving neuropeptides – tiny molecules that allow nerve cells to communicate. This imbalance triggers an immune response characterized by inflammation. In simpler terms, the nerves around the skin’s blood vessels become disturbed, resulting in the familiar flushing and blushing experienced by sufferers. Although more research is needed, these findings shed light on the causes of rosacea and contribute to our understanding of this condition.

Demodex, a microscopic mite that resides on our facial skin and feeds on dead skin cells, is a normal part of our ecosystem. However, an unusually high concentration of these mites may potentially contribute to the development of rosacea. While the exact relationship between Demodex and rosacea remains unclear, ongoing research aims to shed more light on this intriguing connection. The future holds the promise of a clearer understanding of this phenomenon.

Identifying rosacea can be a tricky task due to its many different forms and elusive nature. It may manifest as a flushed appearance, small raised red bumps, acne-like pustules, or an increased number of thread veins on the face. The intermittent nature of rosacea further adds to the challenge of detection, resulting in delayed or missed diagnoses.

Rosacea can range from mild cases with occasional flushing to more severe and persistent conditions. Typically, it becomes more apparent after the age of 30 and tends to worsen with age. Neglecting treatment for rosacea can lead to the thickening of the skin, especially on the nose.

Interestingly, rosacea can make the skin feel rough and dry, contrary to the expected oily appearance associated with acne. Unfortunately, due to variations in its presentation, rosacea often goes undiagnosed.

It’s important to understand that rosacea is a complex condition with diverse manifestations, making successful identification and diagnosis challenging.

Rosacea can often be easily triggered by everyday activities and common indulgences. These triggers include coffee, alcohol, spicy food, hot baths, and even exposure to sunlight. In fact, surveys have shown that 85% of people with rosacea find that UV light specifically triggers their condition. This is why it’s important to incorporate SPF protection into your daily routine. By wearing a product with SPF every day, you can help prevent the onset of rosacea and protect your skin from its triggers.

Rosacea, often characterised by redness around the nose, is mistakenly linked to heavy drinking. However, excessive alcohol consumption doesn’t directly cause redness; it simply amplifies the visibility of existing blood vessels.

Rosacea is a non-contagious skin condition, not a disease. It can’t be transmitted from person to person. Don’t worry, you can’t ‘catch’ it or pass it on to others.

Rosacea has a genetic component. If your parents have it, there’s a higher chance you will too. However, lifestyle factors and your environment also play a role in this condition.

Make-up can indeed be used to effectively camouflage rosacea. When selecting products, opt for fragrance-free ones that are gentle on the skin, such as mineral make-up or those specifically designed for sensitive and reactive skin. However, it is important to consider treating rosacea rather than solely relying on cover-up methods. There are numerous products and treatments available that can provide assistance.

A qualified dermatologist can provide expert advice that will help you effectively manage your rosacea. They will analyse the type of rosacea you have and prescribe specialised skincare products and treatments tailored to your needs. Additionally, they will monitor your progress and make adjustments to your regimen if needed, ensuring the most effective results.

In some cases, dermatologists may prescribe antibiotics to reduce inflammation or beta-blockers to alleviate flushing associated with rosacea. If rosacea has progressed to rhinophyma, a condition where the nose becomes swollen and bulbous, surgical treatment options, such as shaving down excess skin, can restore the nose to its normal shape.

By seeking guidance from a dermatologist, you can receive personalised solutions and ongoing support to manage your rosacea effectively.

The cost of this treatment typically ranges from £150 to £250 per session, which is dependent on the type of IPL machine employed. The number of sessions required will vary depending on the severity of your rosacea. For individuals experiencing only mild flushing, a couple of sessions could potentially bring it under control for several months.

Laser therapy can effectively reduce redness by specifically targeting the pigment within thread veins, which is subsequently eliminated by the body. Although laser treatment tends to be pricier compared to IPL, with an average cost of around £300 per session, the specific area being treated will influence the final price.

Lasers can work in different ways to treat skin issues. While some lasers create heat on the skin surface, others use a gentler wavelength of light to target redness. This light breaks up and disperses the red blood cells that are causing the redness, without causing harm to the rest of the skin. The advantage of this method is that it provides a more comfortable experience compared to traditional laser treatments. However, multiple sessions may be required, especially if persistent redness is a concern. This type of treatment typically starts at £150 per session.